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Republic of Sudan: Current Acute Food Insecurity Overview Sept-Nov 2015

01/09/2015 - 30/11/2015
Sudan
Description

The analysis was conducted at the locality level. One state was not classified due to lack of information,( West Kordofan). The current classification ranges between phases 1 – 3. The main livelihood systems are: pastoral and agro pastoral which are directly affected by the rainy season.

 

Compared to the previous analysis (May – August) there is a change in the food security situation in many localities. As this is the lean period, the available food is insufficient to meet all food requirements in some localities( phase 3 and some of phase 2), but some states still they are not affected by the lean season. Food aid and Zakat assistant contribute to maintain food gap in the most affected areas. 

 

Food reserve depleting at HH level while the national stock is sufficient (private sector ),but this contradict with the low purchasing power of venerable population to access food through purchases. Animal conditions is affected by low rainfall, in some nomadic areas which is the bulk areas of livestock rearing, there is a change in the traditional movement of the animals due to shortage of pasture and water ( low rainfall).Refugees and displacement increase the number of vulnerable population and cause stress on the available food.

 

Phase 1: 30 localities

  • Causes: Good availability due to good stocks from the previous production and relatively good access to food, many reasons encountered like the diversified income sources and the relative stability of production ( most of these areas fall in irrigated areas). Livelihoods diversity, more than 80% have access to food and safe and sufficient water. Good social safety nets, food diversity. Basic services (roads and transportation).

 

Phase 2: 68 localities

  • Causes: Availability of food due to good production, but the HH reserves started to deplete. Stress in access to other food items (non staple). Vulnerable groups affected by increase of prices due to low purchasing power.
  • Hazards: High food prices.

 

Phase 3: 50 localities.

  • Causes: Insecurity in some areas which affect the market structures, 25% from population face food consumption gaps, prevalence of malnutrition (GAM rates: ranges bet. 8.5%% - 30%, SAM ranges bet 6 -16 %.),. Poor food culture and practices. Poor animal feeding and shortage in drinking water. Dietary diversification and hygiene water symptoms are occurred in some localities (in some localities, people eat less than 3 food groups). Low health and nutrition awareness lead to bad food utilization, especially in the areas of high illiteracy. Gas cocking price is showing an increase of 10% in some localities. Some rural areas where charcoal is the main cooking material are highly affected by the elevation of the prices (price per sack increased by 100% compared to 6 months before).
  • Hazards: Shortage in Drinking water less than 15 liters/p/d.; High rates of malnutrition; IDPs and refugees cause some stress on the available food and the markets; Insecurity and civil conflicts, also conflict between farmers and herders; prevalence of drought which affects the pastoral areas caused losses to 25% of the pastoral communities and leads to change in livelihood to selling of wood and charcoal especially in some eastern and western parts.
Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD