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Republic of Sudan: Current Acute Food Insecurity Overview - May-June 2015

01/05/2015 - 30/06/2015
Sudan
Description

The analysis was conducted at county level. Three states were not classified due to lack of information, these are: Gedaref, East and West Darfur. The current classification ranges between phases 1 and 3. The main livelihood systems are: pastoral and agro pastoral, which are directly affected by good rainy season.

The current classification shows improvement in food security situation in most of the localities, compared with the last classification due to several reasons. The most important are: good food availability due to good rainy season and timely preparation for the agricultural practices.

Prices of sorghum and millet have declined by almost 20 to 35 percent as newly harvested crops started to be available for household consumption. This enhances the access to food for vulnerable population who suffered from the last poor season, while the prices of other food items are still rising. This makes access to those items somewhat difficult and adversely affects the dietary diversity. On the other hand, the peace building initiatives and conflict resolution improved the security situation in some affected areas and this clearly indicates an improved phases in Darfur areas.

The total number of classified localities is 129.

Phase 1: 40 localities had been classified at phase 1.
Causes: Good availability and access to food, irrigated production and good utilization of food. The high food prices are compensated by diversified incomes from diversified crops production and remittances. Livelihoods diversity: more than 80% of the population has access to safe and sufficient water. Good social safety nets. Livelihoods diversity, food diversity. Improvement in basic services (roads and transportation) and in the availability of drinking water.

Phase 2: According to the current analysis, 78 localities are in this phase.
Causes: availability of food due to good production but the cost of production is high. Stress in access to other food items (non staple). Population density (markets).
Hazards: High food prices (not including cereals).

Phase 3: 11 localities classified in this phase (great change observed comparing to the last update, in which 46 localities were classified in phase 3).
Causes: insecurity in some areas which affect the market structures, 25% of population faces food consumption gaps, added to high cost of production which directly affect food prices and the access to food, especially for vulnerable groups. Prevalence of malnutrition, together with high food prices, high rates of illiteracy. Poor food culture and practices such as food taboos affected the food security situation. Poor animal feeding and shortage in drinking water.
Hazards:

  • Shortage in Drinking water: less than 15 liters/p/d.
  • High rates of malnutrition.
  • IDPs and refugees cause some stress on the available food and the markets.
  • Insecurity and civil conflicts, also conflict between farmers and herders.
  • Prevalence of drought, which affects the pastoral areas, caused losses to 25% of the pastoral communities and led to a change in livelihood and in wood and charcoal trade, especially in some eastern and western parts.

Related Links

Food Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF
The World Food Programme (WFP)unicefSICASave the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionIGAD