Although there has been a slight improvement comparing with the last IPC analysis in April 2013, food insecurity is still high due to inadequate physical and financial access to food with chronic or protracted conditions of extreme poverty, stable but high food prices and limited sources of income, high vulnerability and low coping capacity of households, and a context of political instability, internal conflicts and insufficient public services and infrastructures. Acute malnutrition is high due also to poor food utilization, water and sanitation and health issues.
This situation is likely to persist or intensify next year as Yemeni workers return from Saudi Arabia (leading to loss of remittances), purchasing power is reduced, and inflation is rising. Crop production levels are also expected to be lower than the usual due to drought and desert locust in particular in the North-West part of the country.
The analysis highlights an improvement in Aden, Al-Hodeidah, Al-Beida, Al-Mahwit and Dhamar Governorates which shifted one phase better, mainly due to improvement in civil security situation which allowed better financial access to food through increased use of credit, and thus an improvement in food consumption.
In Abyan, Lahej, Hajjah and Al-Daleh Governorates instead the situation significantly deteriorated, due to the effect of civil insecurity and political instability which limited economic activity and stressed livelihood options. Shabwa shifted from phase 2 to 3 since August 2012, mainly due to deterioration of financial access of food, in which civil insecurity and political instability played a major role. Hadramaut is still in phase 2 but with a high risk of shifting one phase worse if civil insecurity deteriorates, while other Governorates (Sanaá, Marib, Taiz, Ibb, Sanaá City, Al Mahra and Raymah) are still in the same Phase.