Ipcinfo home

The IPC is ...

  • A framework for situation analysis - which can be adapted to different food security contexts.
  • A set of tools and procedures for classifying the severity of food insecurity situations.
  • A « forum » for reaching technical consensus.

The IPC is not ...

  • An independent, stand alone information system – but an ‘add-on’ to existing information system.
  • A methodology – it builds on several methodologies and approaches.
  • A response protocol – it is primarily a tool for situational analysis, although it highlights options for strategic response objectives.

About IPC

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is an innovative tool for improving food security analysis and decision-making. It is a standardized scale that integrates food security, nutrition and livelihood information into a clear statement about the nature and severity of food insecurity and implications for strategic response.

The IPC was originally developed for use in Somalia by FAO’s Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU). Since then, several national governments and international agencies have introduced it in different food security contexts and is now being used in over 25 countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia.
 

The IPC aims at providing:

1. Technical Consensus and a Common Language for Classifying Severity and Causes of Food Insecurity Situations: It allows different agencies and stakeholders to use a set of definitions and standards  for classifying the diverse food insecurity scenarios and their impact on human lives and livelihoods. It thus makes it easier to identify priorities and facilitates the coordination of response efforts.

2. Transparency through Evidence-Based Analysis: Using mutually agreed-upon standards ensure that classifications are based on analysis that is transparent, rigorous, and, to the greatest extent possible, evidence basedsed.

3. Communication for Action: By promoting timely, meaningful analysis, and communicating it in an accessible way, the IPC helps to ensure that the severity of the situation is communicated to decision makers and does not go unheeded.

4. Current and Early Warning Projections: The IPC classification is undertaken to describe the conditions at the time the analysis is conducted. Vulnerability factors are accounted for predicting the evolution of the food security situations and thus communicating the risk of worsening of food security phases according to the most likely scenario.

5. Quality Assurance: Protocols for quality assurance of analysis findings and conclusions are integral part of the overall IPC process. These are tools to be applied before, during and at the end of the analysis process.

IPC Brochure

SICAThe World Food Programme (WFP)Save the ChildrenOxfamThe Joint research Center (JRC) of the European CommissionFood Security ClustersFEWS NETFAOThe Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)CARE InternationalACF