Zimbabwe: Acute Food Insecurity Situation from April to June 2016 and Projection for the July 2016 - March 2017
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.05.2016 > 31.03.2017
 
 
 
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Acute
Malnutrition


In the period from April-June 2016, the country experienced a late start of rains, which then influenced a reduction in the area planted to most crops. The early planted crops were affected by a prolonged mid-season dry spell (December 2015 to January 2016). This was further compounded by high temperatures which marked the season impacting on crop and livestock production and other livelihoods. The poor rains continued into mid-February resulting in large production shortfalls. Heavy rains from late February to April rescued the late planted crop in some parts and improved grazing and water availability. The season was also characterized by high livestock poverty deaths of more than 25,000 cattle deaths between October 2015 and February 2016 mainly in the southern parts of the country.

In the period from July to September, food and income sources are not expected to improve. This period is the off season worsened by the prolonged impact of the drought. As a result, the same population in Phase 3 between April-June is expected to continue to be in Phase 3 between July and September. During this period, these households are expected to continue engaging in unsustainable coping and to face some survival food deficits due to reduced incomes from casual and agricultural labour. Greater than usual numbers of households will be dependent on the market for their basic food needs. The food is generally available on the market but poor households are seriously constrained in accessing enough food of acceptable diversity. Access to food is further constrained by increased food (in particular staple) prices. As of June 2016, the prices of maize was $0.35/ kg and then the prices have been projected to increase to $0. 50 / kg. Food consumption as well as livelihood changes show that the current situation is severe. Therefore, high levels of malnutrition will be persistent. Because of the difference between analysis groups in terms of food consumption and livelihood changes, many children living in the poorest and poor households are likely to be acutely malnourished.

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