Sudan: Acute Food Insecurity Situation September-November 2015
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.09.2015 > 30.11.2015
 
 
 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


The analysis was conducted at the locality level on a total of 148 localities. The West Kordofan state was not classified due to lack of information. The current classification ranges between Phase 1 (Minimal food insecurity) and Phase 3 (Crisis). The main livelihood systems are: pastoral and agro pastoral which are directly affected by the rainy season.

Compared to the previous analysis (May – August) there is a change in the food security situation in many localities. As this is the lean period, the available food is insufficient to meet all food requirements in some localities (Phase 3 and some of Phase 2), but some states still are not affected by the lean season. Food aid and Zakat assistance contribute to maintaining food gap in the most affected areas. Food reserves are depleting at the household level while the national stock is sufficient (private sector), but this is in contrast with the low purchasing power of venerable population to access food through purchases. Animal conditions are affected by low rainfall, in some nomadic areas which is the bulk areas of livestock rearing, there is a change in the traditional movement of the animals due to shortage of pasture and water (low rainfall).

Refugees and displacement increase the number of vulnerable population and cause stress on the available food.

The prices of the main staple crops started to increase during this period.

The late and below average rains received in vast areas of the rained sector were reflected in increasing cereal prices across most of the monitored markets by the end of August. However the carried stocks of 2014/15 above average production were still limiting the prices from surpassing their corresponding levels of August 2014.

The increasing demand of livestock during the pilgrimage and Eid period coincides with the current increase in cereal prices and hence the terms of trade between the two items remained stable. Sorghum prices increased on average by 12 percent, 15, 26, and 28 across different markets in Sudan, Millet Wholesale prices followed the same increasing trend of sorghum price across most reference markets in Sudan.

Between July and August, prices increased by 12 percent on average, 17, 20, 23 and 36 across different markets in Sudan, between July and August, wholesale prices of the locally produced wheat showed relatively more stable trend due to the availability of recently imported subsidized wheat and wheat flour. August wheat prices were on average 2 percent higher than those of July. Added to that it is expected to decrease more due to the recent trend of opening the imports.

Prices of other food crops like vegetables and fruits increased by 20 - 30 (winter production).

 

The terms of trade (ToT) of cereals and livestock continued their stable trend due to the increasing trend of both items; as livestock prices are getting higher due to the increasing local and exports demand during the pilgrimage and Eid events.


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