Somalia: Acute Food Insecurity Situation in January 2014 and Projection for February - June 2014
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.02.2014 > 30.06.2014
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


An estimated 857,000 people will be in Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) requiring urgent humanitarian assistance over the next six month period according to a joint assessment report by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia (FSNAU), a project managed by UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), a project funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The recent figures represent an 18 percent decline compared to the figures for January 2013 but a mere 1.5 percent decline compared to August 2013.

The positive impact of increased livestock prices, increasing livestock herd sizes, improved milk availability, low prices of both local and imported staple food commodities, higher purchasing power from labour income and livestock sales as well as sustained humanitarian interventions over the last six months was undermined by a nearly 20 percent decline in the Deyr 2013 cereal harvest compared to the long-term and five-year averages. 

The food security condition of over 2 million additional people also remains fragile and is classified as Stressed (IPC Phase 2). This group of households are barely able to meet their own minimal food requirement through mid-2014, and they remain highly vulnerable to major shocks that could push them back to food security crisis until their resilience levels are substantially strengthened.

IDPs continue to constitute a majority (74%) of the 857,000 people in Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4). The challenge faced by IDPs includes reliance on marginal and often unreliable livelihood strategies, poor living and sanitary conditions. Populations experiencing acute food security crisis (IPC Phases 3 &4) are also found in large numbers in mostly rural and some urban areas in Sanaag, Sool, Bari, Nugaal, North and South Mudug, Galgaduud, Hiran, and Middle Shabelle as well as Middle and Lower Juba regions. Other areas (mostly in South and Central Somalia) that have in the past experienced repeated food security crises and persistently high levels of acute malnutrition also remain a major concern.


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