Haiti: Acute Food Insecurity Situation in April - June 2014 and Projection for July - September 2014
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.04.2014 > 30.09.2014

Key
results


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


The second rainy season usually runs from September to December. Over the past year, it stopped prematurely in October for some areas and in November for others. This situation led to the failure of end-of-year harvests in several agro-ecological zones (plains and dry mountains of the North-West, Artibonite, Southeast and Nippes). In the April - June 2014 period, these areas are classified in Phase 3 (Crisis) because most of them experienced a poor performance in the spring 2013 campaign. This has contributed to further reductions in food access for households that rely mainly on agriculture in these agro-ecological zones. They are obliged to resort to more or less severe coping strategies to cope with their lack of access.

Projection for July-September 2014

All agro-ecological areas currently in Phase 3 (Crisis) will be in phase 2 during the projection period. This improvement will be due to the harvests of the spring crop year and to the interventions to be implemented in these areas.NOAA anticipates an adequate rainy season this quarter. However, this improvement in the mountainous and dry plains of the North-West will be short-lived as harvests will not allow enough stock to be accumulated by households, as the spring season is not the Main season of these areas. The area may return fairly quickly to phase 3.

The main factors driving food insecurity in the current and projected period are:

  • loss of crop production for at least two consecutive seasons
  • reduced food intake 
  • accelerated erosion of livelihoods and livelihood strategies
  • limited employment opportunities
  • lowest food stocks 
  • precarious access to water


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