Zimbabwe: Acute Food Insecurity Situation August 2013 - January 2014 and Projection for February - April 2014
01.08.2013 > 30.04.2014



& next steps


Matabeleland North and South are currently in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis), while the rest of the country's food security situation is under Stress (IPC Phase 2). Agriculture is a key livelihoods activity for the majority of Zimbabwe’s rural population. Mainly because of the poor rainfall season quality, production of major crops in 2012/13 fell compared to last season’s harvest. Livestock (cattle, sheep and goats) were in a fair to good condition in April 2013. Grazing and water for livestock were generally adequate in most parts of the country save for the communal areas, where it was, as is normal, generally inadequate. All the provinces except for Mashonaland East and West are projected in the crisis food insecurity phase by January 2014. Currently, staple cereals are generally available throughout the country from both own production and the market, but low incomes and higher than normal prices of staple cereals are limiting household access, particularly in the southern provinces. There is continued limited diversity of food consumed by rural households reflected by the 43% of households having poor to borderline consumption .The nutrition and mortality levels are high and mostly resulting from non-food security related factors.

Projected Analysis February - April 2014

Rainfall distribution was erratic both in space and time across all the provinces. The first effective rains were followed by a long dry spell which was coupled by very high temperatures in parts of Midlands, Masvingo and Matabeleland North and South provinces. This affected overall production of most crops resulting in very low cereal stocks from own production. The poor grazing condition and water in the affected areas experienced in the dry season is likely to improve following the first flash of rains expected in December/ January. Generally the livestock condition is expected to improve as the season progresses. Most of the households in the affected areas will still depend on the market for their basic food needs. Access to food might further be constrained by high food(in particular staple) prices. Almost 20-40% of these households will have no means to access food on the market . Casual labour is expected to be generally available on-farm.

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