Sudan: Acute Food Insecurity Situation October - December 2016 and Projection for January - March 2017
01.10.2016 > 31.03.2017


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About 166 localities are classified during this period. 52 localities are classified in IPC Phase 1, 92 as IPC Phase 2 and 22 as IPC Phase 3 (17% from the total localities). About 8 localities were not classified due to lack of information.

Situation in the localities that are minimally food secure (IPC Phase 1): 80% of the population is food secure, due to available food of crops and animal as a result of good production, and social networks.Access to food is affordable due to diversified sources of income even in case of high food prices( stable cereal prices while other non-cereals are high).In terms of food utilization, 50 – 87% from the population use save fuel and good food practices, save food preparation, good sanitation (80%).Improve percentage of breast feeding both normal and absolute, also improved children supplementary feeding from the previous update.

Situation in the localities that are in streesed food security (IPC Phase 2): At least 20% of the population is food secure, due to good production, social networks. In terms of access to food, high food prices are a key issue that constrains food access for vulnerable population, (Increased by 20 – 25%). 50 – 87% of the population used save fuel and good food practices. Water consumption per individual reaches 30 – 50 litre/person /day at urban areas and 15 – 20 litres at rural areas, most of the population have access to save water.

Situation in the localities that are in "Crisis" (IPC Phase 3): Food is available in markets, but access is hindered by high food prices. More than 20% face difficulties in food access due to soaring food prices and poor infrastructure. Poor cultural and health practice, high malnutrition rates due to poor diversity, literacy and lack of awareness by good practices. Unsafe water in some localities.

Food security situation is expected to improve significantly across all food security pillars during projection period compared to October –December 2016. This is mainly due to the abundant staple crops production from the ongoing harvest of 2016/17 season and the above average carry-over stock from previous years in addition to the good production of fruits and vegetables which enhanced diet diversity and improved nutrition status. On the other hand, the good availability of pasture and water for animals has improved animal conditions and products. All these are likely to sustain food supply leading to improved food and nutrition status in most of the localities during the analysis period.

Conflict affected areas and areas accommodating big numbers of IDPs and refugees are facing difficulties of availability and access to food by affected population.Main hazards identified in the affected areas are: high food prices, continued displacement and flux of refugees, added to shortage of drinking water in some localities.  

The factors driving the food security situation in Sudan as of October 2016 were:

  • hike in food prices in the affected areas: increase in crops by 20-40%, sugar 70% compared to the previous update.
  • shortage of drinking water
  • continued displacement and influx of refugees 
  • fluctuation of animal and animal products prices 
  • poor market infrastructure
  • poor purchasing power

In the projected period, the main hazards identified in the affected areas classified in Phases 2 and 3 are:  

  • high food prices (soaring of non-cereal food prices)
  • continued displacement and flux of refugees
  • shortage of drinking water in some localities
  • Susceptibility of malaria disease (areas in Phase 2) 
  • desertification and climate change (areas in Phase 3)

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