Nigeria: Acute Malnutrition Situation September - December 2020 and Projections for January - April 2021 and May - August 2021
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.09.2020 > 31.08.2021
September - December 2020 
January - April 2021 
May - August 2021 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


How Severe, How Many and When – Of the 61 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states included in the IPC Acute Malnutrition current analysis (September – December 2020), seven LGAs were classified in IPC AMN Phase 4 (Critical), 19 LGAs were in IPC AMN Phase 3 (Serious), 21 LGAs were in IPC AMN Phase 2 (Alert) and 14 LGAs were in IPC AMN Phase 1 (Acceptable). The situation is expected to remain stable during the projection period of January - April 2021 (post-harvest) with only one LGA deteriorating from IPC Phase 2 to Phase 3.

However, the situation is expected to significantly deteriorate during the projection period of May - August 2021 (lean season) with 11 LGAs expected to be in IPC AMN Phase 4 (Critical) and 34 LGAs in IPC AMN Phase 3 (Serious). Around 1.15 million children aged 6-59 months are expected to suffer from acute malnutrition during the course of 2021, with more than half of them (605,000) expected to be severely malnourished. Over 123,000 pregnant or lactating women are also expected to suffer from acute malnutrition.

Where – Acute malnutrition is a major public health problem in several LGAs. According to the IPC AMN current analysis, Karasuwa, Machina, Nguru, Yunusari, Yusufari, Geidam LGAs in Yobe state and Nganzai LGA in Borno state are in IPC AMN Phase 4 (Critical). Damboa, Gubio, Kaga, Konduga, Mafa, Magumeri, Monguno, Mobbar, Askira/Uba, Bayo and Shani LGAs in Borno state and Bade, Bursari, Jakusko, Damaturu, Fika, Gujba, Gulani and Nangere LGAs in Yobe are in IPC AMN Phase 3 (Serious). LGAs classified under IPC AMN Phase 2 (Alert) include those in Northern Adamawa, Eastern Borno, Biu, Chibok, Kwaya Kusar, MMC, Jere and Fune, Potiskum and Tarmua in Southern Yobe. According to the projection period of May – August 2021, the acute malnutrition levels are expected to worsen in 36 LGAs to reach IPC AMN Phase 3 or 4.

Why – The major contributing factors of acute malnutrition in all the analysed LGAs include very poor food consumption patterns (both quantity and nutritional quality) and high morbidity rates (diarrhoea and fever) among the analysed populations. Another factor is insecurity, which has displaced many people and prevented the delivery of and access to humanitarian aid. The major contributing factor in the projection periods is the expected further deteriorating security situation leading to decreased food accessibility, possible outbreaks of acute watery diarrhoea, measles, and malaria. The nutrition situation may also be negatively affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on socio-economic factors.


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