South Sudan: Acute Malnutrition Situation for August 2019 and Projection for September - December 2019
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.08.2019 > 31.12.2019
August 2019 
September - December 2019 
 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


DISCLAIMER: please note that this IPC Acute Malnutrition analysis was integrated with an IPC Acute Food Insecurity analysis referring to the same period. Please click here.

The overall nutrition situation during the lean season of 2019 is Critical and worse compared to same period in 2018. Based on the IPC AMN, all the 79 counties were included in the analysis of which 58 counties are classified as IPC AMN Phase 3 and above (GAM prevalence above 9.9%). Out of these, Renk county was classified as Extremely Critical (GAM above 30%). 43 counties were classified as Critical (GAM prevalence of 15.0 – 29.9%, IPC AMN Phase 4) and 14 counties are classified as Serious (GAM prevalence of 10.0- 14.9%, IPC AMN Phase 3). Most counties in Unity, Upper Nile, Jonglei and Warrap and parts of Eastern Equatoria and Lakes are in critical levels of acute malnutrition.

The prevalence of acute malnutrition in Renk county was at 32.1% and continued to show persistently extreme critical levels of acute malnutrition for the 4th year in a row. According to the IPC for Acute Malnutrition classification, the GAM rate of above 30% is considered Extreme Critical (IPC AMN Phase 5). However, crude mortality and under five mortality are not alarming at 0.78 and 0.30 respectively. The high levels of acute malnutrition could be attributed to high morbidity, poor access to health, nutrition and WASH services are assumed to play a role, particularly outside Renk Town where access to health care and safe drinking water is more difficult to reach. Several actions both immediate and longer term were recommended by nutrition cluster and nutrition information working group including conducting a coverage survey, mass MUAC screening, and joint field mission with WFP, UNICEF, Medair and nutrition cluster. Nutrition interventions accompanied by further surveillance should be undertaken to avoid a worsening nutrition situation that is likely to be accompanied by under-five mortality.


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