CAR: Acute Food Insecurity Situation September 2020- April 2021 and Projection for May - August 2021
Insecurity and COVID-19 lockdown measures cause deterioration in food security situation
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.09.2020 > 31.08.2021

Key
results


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


Overview

During the current period of September 2020 to April 2021, which corresponds to the post-harvest period in most of the agro-climatic zones of the country, 1.93 million people (41% of the population analysed) face high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above). That includes 408,000 people (9% of the analysed population) in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and 1.52 million people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). Even despite food assistance, the populations of the Zémio, Ouango and Kabo sub-prefectures are in an Emergency situation (IPC Phase 4), while the 62 others analysed areas are all classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). During the projected period of May to August 2021, which corresponds to the next lean season, generally characterised by an exhaustion of household food stocks, 2.31 million people (48% of the population analysed) is expected to face high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above). 525,000 people across ten sub-prefectures: Alindao, Obo, Zémio, Dékoa, Ndjoukou, Ouango, Batangafo, Kabo, Markounda and Ngaoundaye, will likely be in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and 1.79 million people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

Key Drivers

Insecurity: An upsurge of violence by armed groups has caused further displacement of populations, especially in the prefectures of Ouham-Pendé, Nana-Mambéré and Mambéré-Kadeï.

COVID-19: Basic foodstuff imports have been disrupted by numerous border controls from carriers coming from Cameroon. The prices of imported rice, oil and sugar have increased, which limits the access of the most vulnerable populations to these foods.

Low agricultural production: Even though 70% of households planted crops this season, lack of seeds and tillage tools, crop diseases, rainfall deficits and insecurity have considerably affected harvests and limited household stocks. 


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