Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): Acute Food Insecurity Situation July - December 2020 and Projection for January - June 2021
Preliminary results, awaiting official dissemination at national level
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.07.2020 > 30.06.2021
July - December 2020 
January - June 2021 
 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


Overview

In the current period (July to December 2020) out of the 66.6 million people analysed in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 21.8 million (33%) are facing high acute food insecurity, classified in IPC Phase 3 or 4 (Crisis or worse). This figure includes 5.7 million people classified in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency).

For the projected period (January to June 2021), 19.6 million people (29% of the population analysed) are likely to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse, including more than 4.9 million people in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). The provinces of North and South Kivu, Ituri and Kasai Central have the highest number of populations facing high acute food insecurity.

Key Drivers

  • Conflict: Insecurity and armed conflict continue to significantly disrupt livelihoods, especially in Ituri, North Kivu, South Kivu, Tanganyika, and Maniema regions. Since 2016, approximately 6.6 million people have been living in a situation of displacement in the DRC.
  • COVID-19: In March 2020, the Congolese Government declared a State of Emergency, closing all land and air borders, with the exception of food cargo. A nationwide curfew was also enforced. The measures have had a significant impact on food prices and households’ livelihoods.
  • Economic Decline: A continued decline in national tax revenues, reduced demand for exports from the mining sector, currency depreciation and a drop in GDP growth impact households purchasing power. 
  • Natural Hazards: In South Kivu, Tanganyika, Haut Lomami and Haut Katanga, heavy rains resulted in flooding which damaged food crops. Around 500,000 people have lost almost all of their food reserves. A high prevalence of plant and animal diseases continues to hamper agriculture.
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