Tri-national Border of Rio Lempa: Acute Food Insecurity Situation October 2019 - January 2020 and Projected February - May 2020
Attached reports in Spanish and English
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.10.2019 > 31.05.2020
OCTOBER 2019 - JANUARY 2020 
FEBRUARY - MAY 2020 
 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


OVERVIEW

17% of the population of the Tri-National Region is in severe acute food insecurity (Phases 3 and 4 of the IPC), representing 80,000 people in food Crisis or Emergency, for the period October 2019 to January 2020, which is the harvest period for basic grains and coffee. The proportion of the population in severe acute food insecurity is likely to increase to 26%, which represents 120,000 people in food Crisis or Emergency, for the projected period from February to May 2020, when agricultural activity drops due to the cessation of rains.  

The most affected populations, in Phase 3 and 4, are: for the current period, it is the Chortí Microregion with 62,000 people (28%). In the projected period, the Chortí micro-region increases to 89,000 people (40%), and the Ocotepeque micro-region in Honduras will likely increase to 14,000 people (20%) in these phases. These people are mainly indigenous people of the Chortí ethnic group, subsistence farmers and jormaleros or small producers of coffee and vegetables.

KEY DRIVERS

Drought: In the most affected areas, the prolonged drought has caused losses in the first crop of maize and beans affecting the grain reserve in households and access to purchase other foods.

Coffee prices: The decline in prices affects the income of coffee growers and consequently the families of coffee cutters who are paid by day as it forces the growers to lower the price of work or to do without it.

Other factors: Other factors include rising prices of basic grains, migration and expected low bean yields in the post-harvest cycle that may remain affected by cold fronts.

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