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Honduras: Acute Food Insecurity Situation December 2018 - February 2019 and Projection for March - June 2019
Western region (Attached Report in Spanish)
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.12.2018 > 30.06.2019
DECEMBER 2018 - FEBRUARY 2019 
MARCH - JUNE 2019 
 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


During the current period – December 2018 to February 2019 – the most vulnerable households in the Western Region of Honduras, located in the Central American Dry Corridor, have been classified in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed), which includes 392 000 people (28%) in this phase. Furthermore, around 174 000 inhabitants (13%) are classified in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and 73 000 inhabitants (5%) are categorized in Phase 4 (Emergency). 

A good part of the communities located in Phase 3 or worse coincide with those communities with 3 or more unsatisfied basic needs, having limitations in terms of access to water suitable for human consumption, basic sanitation, with a high prevalence of diarrhea, among others. The losses of the first maize and bean crops during the second semester of 2018 caused low food reserves in vulnerable populations, in which corn and beans are an essential part of the daily diet. Other factors are: the use of strategies to cope with crises or emergencies in the deterioration of their livelihoods; poor consumption and more than half of households spending more than 50% of their income on food purchases, the latter particularly for Ocotepeque and Lempira, which may be very similar to neighboring departments. In the areas analyzed, the households whose income depends on the cultivation of coffee, and of basic subsistence grains, have been affected by the fall in coffee prices, since this indicates a lower production, generating fewer sources of work, and thus, less income conditioning access to cover their minimum food needs. These households, therefore, are resorting to emergency and crisis strategies such as asset sales and permanent migration.

During the projection period – March to June 2019 - the most vulnerable households in the Western Region of Honduras have been classified in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed), which includes 394 000 people (28%) in this phase. Furthermore, around 206 000 inhabitants (15%) would be in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and 82 000 inhabitants (6%) in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency). This reflects that, given the expected situation, for the projected period, some 37,000 people could be in IPC Phase 3 or worse than in the current period.

A good part of the communities located in Phase 3 or worse coincide with those communities with 3 or more unsatisfied basic needs, having limitations in terms of access to water suitable for human consumption, basic sanitation, with a high prevalence of diarrhea, among others. Among the main factors that would explain this classification are: the worsening of permanent migration to other departments or abroad (mainly USA) – an average total of 11%; and the entry of the El Niño Phenomenon – which would imply a delay in the establishment of crops for the first cycle, increasing the crisis and decreasing cultivation areas, considering that there are no food reserves for the projected period. Other factors are: the use of strategies to cope with crises or emergencies in the deterioration of their livelihoods; poor consumption and more than half of households spending more than 50% of their income on food purchases, the latter particularly for Ocotepeque and Lempira, which may be very similar to neighboring departments. In the areas analyzed, the households whose income depends on the cultivation of coffee, and of basic subsistence grains, due to the low price of coffee, would mean less cultivation work and harvest of the grain.

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