Haiti: Acute Food Insecurity Situation October 2018 – February 2019 and Projection for March – June 2019
(Attached Report in French)
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.10.2018 > 30.06.2019
OCTOBER 2018 - FEBRUARY 2019 
MARCH - JUNE 2019 
 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


According to the IPC analysis conducted in October and December 2018 at the national level, in the period between October 2018 and February 2019, 6% of the analysed population (386,365 people) is in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) and 27% (1,872,616 people) is in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis), representing approximately 33% of the population analysed in need of urgent action. In the projected period, from March to June 2019, 8% of the analysed population (571,129 people) is in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) and 29% (2,054,161 people) is in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis), representing approximately 38% of the population analysed in need of urgent action.

The El Nino phenomenon caused a drought in many parts of the country which affected the production of the main crops (cereals and beans), resulting in a drop in production. Other areas also experienced poor productions in the spring and summer seasons due to poor rainfall distribution. This, combined with the rise in commodity prices (+9% per year) and 14.1% general inflation, greatly affected households' purchasing power and their ability to access food, especially for the poorest households. Weather forecasts indicate the probability of the El Niño event occurring during the first quarter of 2019. In addition, inflation and the depreciation of the Haitian gourde and the lean period are all factors that postulate in favor of a deterioration of the situation.

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