Zimbabwe: Acute Food Insecurity Situation from May to June 2018 and Projection for July 2018-March 2019
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.05.2018 > 31.03.2019
MAY-JUNE 2018 
JULY 2018-MARCH 2019 
 
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Key
results


Population
estimates


Recommendations
& next steps


Acute
Malnutrition


About 567, 000 people between April and June 2018 are estimated to be food security crisis phase (IPC Phase 3). The number increases to approximately 2.4 million during the peak hunger period (January to March 2019). The proportion of those in the crisis phase is expected to rise from 6% (April – June 2018) to approximately 28% during the peak hunger period of the current consumption year.

During the peak hunger period, areas in the north western parts of the country particularly Kariba and Binga and north eastern parts (Rushinga, Mudzi) will remain of serious concern having the highest number of people in need compared to other districts.

Those in crisis phase require immediate humanitarian support. The majority of households in the crisis phase or worse are characterised by low incomes, poor diets, increased consumption coping and hunger experience. The agricultural season was characterised by late onset, erratic rainfall, mid-season dry spells and late wet spells which led to reduced crop production across the country. 

The food insecurity situation was largely driven by the poor performance of the agricultural season resulted in reduced in household crop production compared to the previous season. Some crops were written off due to the poor rainfall received. The situation was compounded by the armyworm pest outbreak.

Outbreak of human diseases such as malaria in some districts such as Kariba was experienced which was one of the major shocks that affected households living in that surrounding. Some districts also experienced sporadic outbreaks of notifiable (Food and Mouth, Anthrax) and tick borne livestock diseases (January Disease, Heart water and Red water) led to attrition of herds. Households had low cereal stocks from 2016/17 production. Poor road infrastructure limited accessibility of markets. Areas bordering national conservancies were prone to game attacks, which damage crops and predate on livestock.

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