Lesotho: Acute Food Insecurity Situation in July-September 2017 and Projection for October-March 2018
01.07.2017 > 31.03.2018



& next steps


About 16% (224 664) of the rural population is estimated to be food insecure in 2017/18 consumption year for the projected period from October 2017 to March 2018. The affected populations are from the very poor and poor wealth groups across all districts and face deficits until March 2017. Projected deficit is mainly due to reduction in incomes source opportunities, high staple food prices and limited targeting of some safety nets.

Compared to last year, the food security situation of the country improved thanks to increased agriculture production which was the best in the past ten years. However production of cereal will still fall below amounts recorded in the past decade hence the country will have to argument this with imports from South Africa.

The current situation covering the period from July to -September 2017) reveals that eight districts out of ten, i.e. Mafeteng, Maseru, Berea, Qacha’s Nek, Quthing, Mokhotlong, Thaba-Tseka, and Mohale’s Hoek are classified as Phase 2 ‘Stressed’. Two districts (Leribe and Butha-Buthe) are in Phase 1 ‘Minimal’.

There is no district that is classified in Phase 3 or 4, although all districts have population ranging from 3% to 15% that are facing crisis food insecurity situation (Phase 3) and 2% to 5% that are thought to be facing an emergency food insecurity situation (Phase 4).

All in all 68% of the total rural population are expected to be in Phase 1 (‘No/Minimal Acute Food Insecurity’), 19% in Phase 2 (‘Stressed’), 9% in Phase 3 (‘Crisis’), and 4% in Phase 4 (‘Emergency’).

With regard to the projected situation (Oct 2017-Mar 2018), the district of Mohale’s Hoek will be classified as Phase 3 ‘Crisis’ while the rest of the districts will still remain in the same phase classifications (Phase 1& 2) as they are in the current situation (July to September 2017. About 16% (224,664) of the population (IPC Phase 3 + 4) will require urgent measures to protect livelihoods, alleviate food gaps and acute malnutrition. This is during the peak hunger period in the country.

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