Mozambique: Acute Food Insecurity Situation for March-April 2017 and Projection for May-September 2017
VALIDITY PERIOD
01.03.2017 > 30.09.2017

Key
results


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Acute
Malnutrition


DISCLAIMER: Please note that this IPC Analysis integrates the Acute Food Insecurity Analysis with Acute Malnutrition analysis. To view the related IPC Acute Malnutrition for the same period, click on the Acute Malnutrition tab.

As of March-April 2017, the acute food insecurity situation was critical in all 20 districts analysed, out of which 6 districts were also facing alarming levels of acute malnutrition in a total of 8 provinces. All 20 districts analysed were classified in "Crisis" (IPC phase 3 of IPC-AFI). As for acute malnutrition, two districts (Chiúre and Namuno in the province of Cabo Delgado) were classified as “Critical” (IPC phase 4 of IPC-AM), and two districts (Mutarara in Tete, Ancuabe in Cabo Delgado) were classified as Alert/Serious (IPC phase 2/3 of the IPC-AM). In all 20 districts covered, about 30,000 children were experiencing different forms of acute malnutrition.

For the May-September 2017 period, the acute food insecurity and acute malnutrition situation is expected to improve due to an improved access to food and a reduction in childhood diseases expected in this period. 

From October 2017 to February 2018, the acute malnutrition situation may be exacerbated by the expected deterioration of the food insecurity situation, as well as the increase in diseases compounded with a possible reduction of child care.

Therefore, immediate response as well as short-term interventions are imperative, taking into account the most affected districts, people and children as indicated by the IPC acute food insecurity and acute malnutrition classification. 

Driving Factors for Acute Food Insecurity

The immediate factors contributing to Acute Food Insecurity, especially in the most affected districts, are: 

  • very low quantity and quality of infant and complementary feeding; 
  • Diseases, especially diarrhea, malaria and HIV prevalence in some areas.

The underlying factors are mainly 

  • breastfeeding / exclusive breastfeeding practices; 
  • low demand for health services where there is very low coverage of the Nutritional Rehabilitation Program (recurrent lack of nutritional supplements and weak community network to actively search for AD cases); 
  • Food insecurity in the critical situation (phase 3 of the IPC-INSA); 
  • low access to safe water sources.

In addition, the basic causes are: 

  • high illiteracy rates, with a higher prevalence among women (> 60%)
  • low coverage of health units and poor access to them


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